Application for an order under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 granting retrospective ratification of a gift of £324,000 from the Patient, being a potentially exempt transfer for the purposes of inheritance tax (IHT). The application was refused.
Application for the revocation of both LPAs after the attorneys used the Patient's money to buy a property. The LPA PA was revoked, the LPA HW was not.
Case in which the court had to decide who was reponsible for costs incurred as a result of the successful application by the PG to have the attorneys' LPA for property and financial affairs revoked. The attorneys were ordered to share their own costs.
Appeal against the making of a statutory will which divided the Patient's estate between the two sons in the ratio 25:75. The appeal was allowed.
This case concerns an application by the Public Guardian (‘PG’) to revoke a Lasting Power of Attorney (‘LPA’) for property and affairs.
This case concerned long-running proceedings relating to a young man aged 26, M, and had been ongoing for two years. His parents E and A, whilst the court found they greatly loved their son, had, in an earlier judgment of Baker J, (Re M  EWCOP 33] found that whilst M had ASD and a learning disability, his parents had fabricated his reaction to an MMR vaccination. They had claimed it had caused autism in M and had given many fabricated accounts as to his health, caused M to be subjected to unnecessary tests and interventions, failed in relation to dental treatment to obtain treatment and E as M’s deputy had controlled all aspects of his life and restricted access to him by number of professionals. The court found that these behaviours amounted to factitious disorder imposed on others and additionally E had a combination of personality disorders – narcissistic, histrionic and emotionally unstable.
The key issues in this judgment focused upon the identity of the deputy, deprivation of liberty, disclosure and publication of information relating to proceedings and some miscellaneous issues.
This case involved an application by the Public Guardian for the court to revoke a Lasting Power of Attorney for property and financial affairs under section 22(4)(b) of the Mental Capacity Act 2005.
The case was before Senior Judge Lush
This case is an ongoing dispute between family members concerning Mrs Ann Clarke (‘P’). The substantive matter was heard by Mr Justice Peter Jackson in Re Clarke  EWCOP 2256; Re Clarke  EWCOP 2714; and Re Clarke  EWCOP 2947.
The current application was made by one of P’s sons, Michael Clarke (‘MC’) to vary the order of 9th October 2012 to allow the sale of P’s property.
Application for an appointment of a new deputy for property and affairs and a new trustee.
This case highlights how the court is able to manage family members engaged in excessive communication with the deputy and what directions can be sought.
The Patient A is 88 with a long-standing diagnosis of schizophrenia since the age of 17. She received ECT in the distant past and in 1962 underwent a frontal leucotomy at The Priory.
Previous proceedings under the Act’s which preceded the Mental Capacity Act took place and A’s sister B administered her estate. Subsequently B became A’s receiver and ultimately under the MCA became her deputy for property and affairs.
In 2012 when B was in her mid-80s B’s daughter C applied to be appointed as deputy in her place. It was supported by C’s siblings but opposed by their cousin D. On 20 May 2013 the court made an order appointing C as a deputy for property and affairs and due to D’s conduct the court departed from the general rule of costs in property affairs cases and ordered D to pay the entire costs of the proceedings save for £7,500 plus VAT which the court estimated would have been the costs if the application had been unopposed. D applied for permission to appeal and it was listed before the President. However very shortly before that hearing, a new GP examined A and told the family solicitors that in his opinion A had capacity to manage her property and affairs. Accordingly the appeal was conducted on two bases: firstly, jurisdictional due to capacity issues; and secondly, the costs ground - that it was procedurally unfair and wrong.
The President ordered that A be examined by a consultant psychiatrist and directed the hearing as to capacity in relation to managing her property and affairs. Subsequently, a report provided by Prof Robert Howard considered that A’s schizophrenia or a combination of schizophrenia and frontal lobe damage had caused significant impairment of the functioning of A’s mind and brain and as a consequence A was unable to understand, retain and use information relevant to decision-making concerning properties and affairs. The President made a declaration that A lacked capacity and at the time of the hearing lacked capacity in May 2013 to manage her property and affairs. The costs appeal was adjourned to a later date.
The hearing before Senior Judge Lush some 18 months later was that C wished to stand down as deputy and had filed an application seeking that a partner in a well-known London firm of solicitors be appointed in her place. Furthermore, C made an application, once appointed as deputy, that this solicitor exercise A’s power to appoint new trustees of certain settlements and appoint herself as a trustee.
D opposed the application on the grounds of geography (A lives in Yorkshire whereas the proposed deputy works in London), the charging rates for a London solicitor, the proposed deputy was unsuitable on the basis of her legal practice and in particular because she was frequently abroad (denied by solicitor) and that effectively there should also be an enquiry into A ‘s assets (he claimed that A had been deprived of assets and thus income). D later then also asserted that the solicitor was an expert on tax avoidance and furthermore that this solicitor would be called as a witness to give evidence in criminal proceedings which D said should be brought against one of the previously advocated solicitors of D to be appointed deputy of A.
The court applied the checklist in section 4 and section 16 (2 MCA ) noting the discretion the court has as to whom it appoints as a deputy and traditionally preferring to appoint a relative or friend rather than a complete stranger for practical reasons. The court also considered the judgment of Mr Justice Newey in Re Rodman; Long v Rodman and Others  EWHC 347 (CH)  COPLR 433 where it considers the costs charged by a professional deputy. The court found that due to D’s conduct no family member is now willing to act as a deputy and there is no alternative but to appoint a professional. The court found the checklist in section 4 MCA was not particularly helpful on this particular occasion and, looking at the solicitor’s CV and that of the firm, considered that both the solicitor and the firm had considerable know-how in dealing with families such as A’s and private wealth management. In relation to the costs he acknowledged that “whilst the fees were likely to be large it would be quite improbable that they will be excessive because the Senior Courts Cost Office will carry out a detailed assessment of their general management costs on a standard basis each year” (paragraph 50).
Not a particular case of note other than 3 matters:
Whether in respect of compensation paid under the CICA the Court of Protection must be involved in the setting up of the trust on the basis that the applicant lacks capacity and is also the settlor, and whether it is an application under section 18(1)(h) MCA 2005 for an order settling the property as argued by the CICA.
Or whether a Deputy appointed by the Court of Protection can be authorised to negotiate and finalise terms of any such award or setting up the required Trust, but with the ability to apply for directions from the Court of Protection at any time. This was the position argued by the Official Solicitor, it being administratively the easiest and least expensive option and one which would equate with the position of an applicant who lacks capacity to pursue and agree an award with one who has capacity.
Case summaries & Editor's comments on every Court of Protection case & other relevant decisions with links to the full judgment where available.
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